Periodontics is a specialized field of dentistry. Primarily, it is concerned with the treatment of the gums, and of periodontal (gum) disease. Gum disease is extremely common in the United States. The CDC estimates that nearly half of all Americans have some form of gum disease.
To treat gum disease, a periodontist or dentist such as Dr. Redford in Sacramento will take all necessary steps to reduce inflammation, and eliminate the infection that causes gum disease. If you believe you may have gum disease, contact Redford Smiles right away at (916) 565-2570 for treatment.
Periodontal Disease in Sacramento
Periodontal disease is very common. However, many people still do not understand what it is, or what causes it. We will discuss this topic now.
Periodontal disease is caused by the infection of gum tissue. Infected gum tissue leads to issues such as bad breath (halitosis) and bleeding or swollen gums. Over time, this infection can spread to the teeth and jawbone, leading to severe infections and often requiring Dr. Redford to pull multiple teeth.
Periodontal disease is caused by dental plaque. Plaque is a nearly-invisible, colorless substance that builds up on the teeth when proper oral hygiene is neglected. Plaque is full of bacteria, and as these harmful bacteria build up on the gums, they infect the underlying tissue.
Everyone has plaque, but if you neglect regular oral hygiene habits, plaque will build up on your teeth, and spread below the gum line. Here, plaque is harder to remove, and may cause periodontal disease.
The best way to prevent periodontal disease is by brushing and flossing regularly, and seeing Dr. Redford of Redford Smiles for regular teeth cleaning and dental exams.
Understanding The Stages Of Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease)
Not all cases of gum disease are equally dangerous. Here are the most commonly-seen stages of periodontal disease.
- Stage 1: Gingivitis is the most common and least dangerous type of gum disease. This is the earliest stage of the disease. Failure to regularly remove plaque from the gums leads to inflammation of the gums.The most common symptoms of gingivitis are the bleeding of the gums, and halitosis (bad breath). Typically, damage from gingivitis can be reversed, as no damage been done to the bone and connective tissue below the teeth.Proper oral hygiene habits are usually all that is required to treat gingivitis. Dr. Redford may recommend a deep oral cleaning, and a more intensive at-home oral hygiene regimen, as well as antibiotics.
- Stage 2: Periodontitis is when the bone and tissue fibers that support your teeth begin to be permanently damaged. Gums may start to form “pockets” below the gumline. These pockets trap food and plaque, accelerating the infection.The most common symptoms of periodontitis include bleeding or sensitive gums, receding gums, bad breath, painful chewing, and loose teeth. If you notice any of these symptoms, contact Dr. Redford right away for a periodontal appointment.Intensive treatments are usually required to stop further damage from periodontitis. A gingivectomy can reshape the gums, and root planing/scaling is usually necessary to remove plaque and tartar from below the gumline. He will also prescribe an antibiotic treatment to help fight off the infection.
- Stage 3: Advanced Periodontitis is the most severe stage of gum disease. When significant destruction of your supporting bone and gum tissue has occurred, teeth may shift, loosen, or fall out completely.Symptoms commonly include serious shifting of teeth or total tooth loss, serious gaps between teeth (caused by bone loss), or an aching jaw.Surgical treatment is almost always required, and may not be enough to save teeth. Bone and soft tissue grafts are usually used, and flap surgery (pocket reduction surgery) is used to remove plaque and remove infection. Advanced periodontitis may also require the removal and replacement of multiple teeth with dentures, dental implants, or dental bridges.
Periodontal Treatment in Sacramento
Dr. Redford uses many different procedures to treat periodontal disease in Sacramento. These treatments can be placed into 3 categories:
- Prophylactic Treatments – Most minor cases of gum disease can be resolved by simply taking better care of your teeth. If you have gingivitis, Dr. Redford will recommend an intensive oral cleaning, and provide you with an enhanced at-home oral care regimen that will help you clear up minor cases of gingivitis.
- Nonsurgical Treatments – More advanced cases of gingivitis may require dental procedures such as root scaling and planing to remove plaque and tartar. Topical or oral antibiotics may also be used to fight infection, and multiple deep teeth cleanings may be required to remove the source of infection.
- Surgical Treatments – Advanced periodontitis usually requires one or more surgeries. Flap surgery (pocket reduction surgery) is usually used to allow for more effective scaling and root planing, and to seal up the “pockets” caused by periodontitis. Soft tissue/bone grafts may also be required in case of advanced tissue loss.Your treatment needs will vary based on your current level of oral health, and how advanced your case of periodontal disease may be. Consult with Dr. Redford at Redford Smiles for a comprehensive oral examination, and a customized treatment plan.
Periodontics in Sacramento
Do you have inflammation in your gums? Are you worried that you may have gum disease? At Redford Smiles in Sacramento, Dr. Redford is an expert dentist and periodontist. With years of experience treating both mild and severe cases of periodontal disease, he can provide expert diagnosis and treatment.
Whether you simply require a deep teeth cleaning, or you have a more advanced case of periodontitis which requires surgery, Redford Smiles is the best choice in Sacramento. With our informative, patient-focused approach to oral care, you can rest easy – and know that you are getting the best care in the area!
Read our patient testimonials to learn more, or visit our smile gallery to see our past successes! Interested in an appointment? Contact us now at (916) 565-2570, or come to our office in Sacramento at 79 Scripps Dr. Suite 204, Sacramento, CA 95608.